Gulf Cooperation Council
Network for Drylands Research & Development

شبكة دول
مجلس التعاون الخليجي لدراسات

الأراضي القاحلة و التطوير



This page is under preparation and will be finished in October 2007


Let us concentrate on Sub-Saharan Africa
in the meantime:


At present, major parts of Sub-Saharan Africa are seriously threatened by progressive desertification and in addition continue to face some of the world’s greatest development challenges. More than 200 million people are undernourished, thousands of displaced persons are accommodated in refugee camps and the quality of essential resources such as water, grazing- and arable land are seriously under threat. While income in these regions relies mainly on natural resources, desertification, caused by anthropogenic activities and enhanced by climatic changes, has massive and negative social, environmental and economic impacts.

Once productive drylands are degraded, livelihoods are no longer secure, resources become overexploited, social tension increases, traditional cultural systems collapse and armed conflicts are increasingly driven by resource availability.


Definition of


In Art. 1 of the
United Nations Convention
to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

the following definition is provided:


"desertification" means land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities


PDF version (including Annex I-IV):

English       Arabic



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