Gulf Cooperation Council
Network for Drylands Research & Development

شبكة دول
مجلس التعاون الخليجي لدراسات

الأراضي القاحلة و التطوير


Migration in the GCC? Urbanization?

Dangers of Building Mega-Cities??? Environmental or Social?


Call for participation - your feature on this topic is needed! :- )


Please make your “special feature” brief (around 250 words) and just tell us the link to your published work(s), or institute, or your CV or any other link that in your view is applicable and interesting to this topic.

Send your input to scientific@ndrd.org




20 million Climate Displaced
in 2008

Alone in 2008, more than 20 million people have been displaced by climate-related sudden-onset natural disasters in 2008 alone.
Read further on the Norwegian Refugee Council website




Example: Migration in Northern Nigeria


The increasing pressure on the limited natural resources of the desertification-prone zone, arising from internal migratory patterns as well as the influx of migrants from neighboring countries, results in overgrazing and continuous overexploitation of marginal ecosystems.* While settlements and infrastructure are being buried under shifting sand dunes in the northern parts of the country, the pressure of migrating human and livestock populations from these areas are being absorbed by pressure point buffer states, were violence over land rights is on the increase. So even these communal clashes in Northern Nigeria by the media often misinterpreted or misrepresented as ethnic and religious clashes are actually a struggle over the control of natural resources or sometimes even a fight to sustain people’s livelihood. These resource inequities intertwined with population growth, institutional constraints, and economic insufficiency lead to low agricultural productivity even during years of normal precipitation.



* Cross boundary migration is enhanced by favorable living conditions compared to the adjacent countries. (e.g. Niger) C.f. ljere, Joseph A. / Gadzama, Njidda Mamadu, Migration as a response to environmental push and pull factors: A case study of northern Borno and Yobe States, 1971-1991, 1993, p. 147.




FMR 31: Climate change and displacement

In response to growing pressures on landscapes and livelihoods, people are moving, communities are adapting. This issue of FMR debates the numbers, the definitions and the modalities – and the tension between the need for research and the need to act. Thirty-eight articles by UN, academic, international and local actors explore the extent of the potential displacement crisis, community adaptation and coping strategies, and the search for solutions. Download the publication








Norwegian Refugee Council Report: Future Floods of Refugees: A Comment on Climate, Conflict and Forced Migration (April 2008)



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