Gulf Cooperation Council
Network for Drylands Research & Development

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مجلس التعاون الخليجي لدراسات

الأراضي القاحلة و التطوير

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In the next decades, population growth, rising average resource demand, and persistent inequalities in resource access ensure that scarcities will affect many environmentally sensitive regions with a severity, speed, and scale unprecedented in history. For example approximately 60 million people are expected to eventually move from the desertified regions in Sub-Saharan Africa towards North Africa and Europe within the next 20 years. Long term studies conducted on West Africa on the other hand project a constant migratory flow from Sahelian regions to the coastal cities, such as Lagos and Abidjan, whose population is expected to grow 3.5 times the numbers in 1997 to 271 million in 2020.*

*  Cf.. UNCCD (eds.): Hintergrundinformation: 17. Juni - Welttag für die Bekämpfung      von Wüstenbildung und Dürre, 2003

In the GCC countries dramatic demographic changes, partly stimulated by economically induced migration and mass tourism, are rapidly reshaping the population densities in the region. The resulting intense urbanization   is the cause for numerous related environmental problems, such as the exploitation of scarce water resources.
Further research on the interrelationship between demographic transition and the magnitude of environmental hazards in this region is still needed.

NDRD Related Research

  • Human Settlements and Drylands Ecology: Causes and Consequences of Rapid
         Urbanization in the GCC



Recommended Download:
Defining an Ecosystem Approach to Urban Management and Policy Development


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